Skip to main content

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research

Table 1 The chemical composition of some bamboo species

From: Prospect of bamboo as a renewable textile fiber, historical overview, labeling, controversies and regulation

Bamboo species Holocellulose (%) Alpha-cellulose (%) Lignin (%) Ash (%) Sources
Bambusa blumeana 65.7–72.6 40.3–45.1 20.5–22.7 Latif and Liese (1995); Liese and Tang (2015)
Bambusa heterostachya 68.8–79.5 19.7–23.1 2.7–5.27 Latif et al. (1996)
Bambusa stenostachya 68.5–76.2 20.7–25.2 2.08–2.7 Chang et al. (2013)
Bambusa vulgaris 67.8–69.6 37.9–43.2 22.7–23.9 1.8–2.1 Latif and Liese (1995); Liese and Tang (2015)
Dendrocalamus asper 61.9–75.2 18.5–29.0 1.7–5.6 Prasetya (1996)
Gigantochloa brang 79.94 51.58 24.83 1.25 Wahab et al. (2013)
Gigantochloa levis 85.08 33.80 26.50 1.29 Wahab et al. (2013)
G. levis 63.5–67.2 36.2–42.5 23.3–26.6 1.4–1.9 Latif and Liese (1995); Liese and Tang (2015)
Gigantochloa scortechinni 74.62 46.87 32.55 2.83 Wahab et al. (2013)
G. scortechinni 66.8–68.1 40.5–41.4 24.9–27.9 1.1–1.4 Latif and Liese (1995); Liese and Tang (2015)
Gigantochloa wrayi 84.53 37.66 30.04 0.88 Wahab et al. (2013)
Phyllostachy pubescens 71.4 47.00 22.8 1.5 Li et al. (2007)
P. pubescens 68.6–73.8 46.08–47.9 21.26–23.95 1.26–1.95 Li (2004)
Schizostachyum zollingeri 68.8–74.3 48.7–52.6 22.1–22.9 Latif and Liese (1995); Liese and Tang (2015)