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International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research

Table 3 Body measurement comparison between age groups (Unit = mm)

From: Body shape classification of Korean middle-aged women using 3D anthropometry

Analysis item Mean (S.D.) F
40–44
(n = 77)
45–49
(n = 82)
50–54
(n = 81)
55–59
(n = 62)
Total
(n = 302)
Height Stature1 1609.38A
(54.37)
1590.18AB
(51.83)
1573.75BC
(44.30)
1564.85C
(58.01)
1585.47
(54.31)
10.288***
Cervical height1 1360.11A
(48.80)
1342.61AB
(47.00)
1329.81B
(41.77)
1321.02B
(52.83)
1339.21
(49.31)
9.232***
Neck point height1 1341.85A
(48.33)
1323.92AB
(46.50)
1312.23B
(40.59)
1303.59B
(52.11)
1321.18
(48.54)
9.045***
Neck Front point height1 1299.70A
(47.19)
1283.98AB
(45.76)
1272.13B
(39.01)
1265.46B
(51.26)
1281.01
(47.18)
7.840***
Shoulder height 1294.49A
(48.76)
1276.24B
(45.18)
1265.28BC
(40.30)
1256.27C
(51.52)
1273.86
(48.10)
9.091***
Axilla height 1187.82A
(46.86)
1170.32B
(44.23)
1158.24BC
(38.62)
1145.67C
(46.77)
1166.48
(46.35)
11.788***
Bust height 1135.81A
(48.19)
1117.99B
(44.03)
1104.10BC
(38.31)
1095.46C
(46.30)
1114.18
(46.43)
11.469***
Underbust height 1081.46A
(47.91)
1064.36B
(42.75)
1050.02C
(37.91)
1039.50C
(46.68)
1059.77
(46.17)
12.391***
Waist height 963.66A
(39.21)
950.51B
(35.77)
942.32BC
(32.85)
934.28C
(39.16)
948.34
(37.97)
8.347***
Abdominal height 896.96
(54.34)
884.60
(49.69)
879.05
(47.90)
877.22
(58.49)
884.74
(52.64)
2.145
Waist height (omphalion) 920.69A
(40.38)
907.97B
(37.86)
903.61BC
(34.02)
893.87C
(42.84)
907.15
(39.54)
5.839**
Hip height 780.70A
(36.99)
769.50AB
(34.81)
764.17B
(31.47)
758.84B
(36.51)
768.74
(35.60)
5.155**
Knee height 414.40
(17.96)
410.03
(16.76)
410.13
(14.83)
408.24
(18.63)
410.81
(17.05)
1.720
Length Shoulder length 125.88
(8.55)
124.86
(7.44)
122.95
(8.34)
123.38
(8.06)
124.30
(8.15)
2.114
Bishoulder length 389.98A
(18.19)
385.62AB
(16.69)
379.90B
(17.87)
381.03B
(16.03)
384.26
(17.65)
5.429**
Bust point to Bust point 177.69
(12.21)
176.40
(13.80)
178.25
(14.26)
180.45
(11.46)
178.06
(13.10)
1.159
Waist front length 356.98
(16.78)
353.62
(17.87)
353.74
(16.10)
356.83
(20.06)
355.17
(17.61)
0.841
Waist front length (omphalion) 399.51
(21.42)
395.68
(21.91)
391.83
(19.49)
396.13
(22.49)
395.72
(21.36)
1.725
Neck point to Breast point to waistline 425.60
(19.95)
420.34
(18.83)
420.05
(19.13)
422.05
(18.46)
421.96
(19.17)
1.395
Waist Back length 409.91
(19.40)
405.26
(17.60)
405.05
(28.99)
402.42
(20.68)
405.81
(22.26)
1.404
Waist Back length (omphalion) 452.43A
(22.12)
447.28AB
(20.13)
443.16B
(28.99)
441.76B
(22.42)
446.36
(23.97)
2.988*
Girth Neck Circumference1 336.80C
(14.84)
338.34BC
(17.84)
347.01AB
(26.69)
351.06A
(24.74)
342.88
(22.09)
7.310***
Neck Base circumference 379.59
(14.31)
379.13
(14.23)
378.96
(17.43)
382.86
(18.51)
379.97
(16.08)
0.864
Chest circumference 902.42B
(43.42)
903.13B
(41.31)
918.40A
(42.79)
929.17A
(38.50)
912.39
(42.88)
6.722***
Bust circumference 897.65B
(53.07)
897.42B
(47.08)
920.73A
(54.75)
936.57A
(43.53)
911.77
(52.38)
10.193***
Underbust circumference 783.89C
(42.92)
777.61C
(42.75)
798.75B
(40.33)
817.59A
(39.11)
793.09
(43.80)
12.814***
Waist circumference 780.65C
(55.43)
773.34C
(58.15)
804.04B
(54.21)
839.63A
(51.75)
797.05
(60.15)
20.085***
Abdominal circumference 857.12B
(64.05)
846.77B
(58.19)
866.97B
(61.65)
891.17A
(59.99)
863.94
(62.72)
6.666***
Waist circumference (omphalion) 825.10BC
(53.30)
816.11C
(52.66)
834.94B
(51.53)
861.90A
(48.96)
832.85
(54.05)
9.979***
Hip circumference 933.70
(40.56)
921.89
(37.18)
922.01
(39.29)
923.55
(34.64)
925.28
(38.28)
1.707
Thigh circumference 548.02A
(30.26)
538.24B
(28.72)
538.63B
(25.11)
534.84B
(31.01)
540.14
(28.97)
2.835*
Knee circumference 357.44A
(18.37)
352.53AB
(14.65)
351.45B
(15.13)
350.45B
(17.41)
353.07
(16.50)
2.656*
Upper Arm circumference 309.73
(20.54)
305.99
(19.04)
306.21
(18.69)
310.63
(19.24)
307.96
(19.39)
1.110
Elbow circumference 235.80B
(12.34)
234.85B
(11.15)
236.45B
(12.21)
242.41A
(11.58)
237.07
(12.10)
5.548**
Wrist circumference1 160.54C
(7.61)
161.47BC
(7.83)
164.72AB
(8.47)
167.44A
(9.75)
163.33
(8.74)
9.894***
Width Neck breadth 121.79
(5.32)
120.77
(5.99)
120.39
(5.71)
119.70
(5.82)
120.71
(5.73)
1.649
Bishoulder breadth 350.69A
(14.90)
348.50AB
(12.44)
343.84B
(14.57)
344.63B
(12.72)
347.01
(13.96)
4.216**
Chest breadth 315.18AB
(15.20)
314.38B
(13.89)
319.53A
(14.32)
319.35A
(13.95)
316.99
(14.48)
2.720
Bust breadth 295.30B
(15.19)
295.50B
(13.84)
299.82AB
(15.14)
301.96A
(15.03)
297.94
(14.98)
3.527*
Underbust breadth 275.09BC
(13.74)
272.91C
(13.83)
277.97AB
(13.15)
281.20A
(13.69)
276.53
(13.87)
4.974**
Waist breadth 279.79BC
(18.76)
276.41C
(18.06)
285.10B
(16.51)
294.98A
(16.15)
283.42
(18.62)
14.807***
Abdominal breadth 306.59
(24.61)
303.35
(20.46)
307.39
(23.11)
312.98
(21.73)
307.24
(22.68)
2.175
Waist breadth (omphalion) 296.74B
(18.48)
292.61B
(16.59)
297.09B
(16.57)
303.01A
(15.75)
297.00
(17.21)
4.452**
Hip Width 341.72
(16.06)
338.11
(12.83)
336.98
(14.33)
337.38
(14.37)
338.58
(14.47)
1.724
Depth Armscye depth 114.95B
(10.06)
114.08B
(10.39)
117.27AB
(10.47)
119.01A
(9.54)
116.17
(10.28)
3.462*
Chest depth 209.50C
(14.43)
211.02C
(14.12)
216.33B
(13.42)
224.44A
(13.98)
214.81
(14.98)
15.823***
Bust depth 232.93C
(18.55)
233.46C
(16.61)
241.63B
(18.95)
249.59A
(15.74)
238.83
(18.69)
13.823***
Underbust depth 207.95C
(16.24)
208.85C
(16.62)
216.94B
(15.70)
226.18A
(15.74)
214.35
(17.49)
19.097***
Waist depth 204.78C
(18.85)
204.93C
(20.03)
215.62B
(19.49)
227.80A
(18.75)
212.45
(21.25)
21.937***
Abdominal depth 225.85C
(18.43)
223.61C
(18.96)
233.42B
(18.62)
243.77A
(18.73)
230.95
(20.07)
16.326***
Waist depth (omphalion) 211.86C
(16.94)
211.76C
(18.21)
218.79B
(18.88)
230.62A
(17.60)
217.54
(19.29)
16.503***
Hip depth 233.29
(13.44)
231.26
(14.55)
234.69
(15.44)
237.11
(13.87)
233.90
(14.47)
2.079
Angle Inclined angle of right shoulder 22.81
(3.58)
23.29
(3.35)
23.01
(3.08)
23.26
(2.96)
23.09
(3.25)
0.371
Inclined angle of left shoulder 23.90
(3.90)
23.67
(3.17)
24.22
(3.23)
23.96
(3.11)
23.93
(3.36)
0.368
Weight Weight (kg) 55.86
(5.28)
54.11
(4.91)
54.54
(4.99)
55.18
(5.01)
54.89
(5.07)
1.796
BMI 21.83BC
(1.77)
21.67C
(1.79)
22.25AB
(1.59)
22.78A
(1.50)
22.10
(1.72)
6.057**
Drop value Drop 1 (Bust circumference-Waist circumference)1 117.00A
(39.63)
124.08A
(33.10)
116.69A
(37.89)
96.94B
(28.22)
114.72
(36.41)
7.352***
Drop 2 (Hip circumference-Waist circumference) 153.05A
(43.28)
148.55A
(42.20)
117.98B
(44.55)
83.92C
(41.82)
128.23
(50.37)
38.060***
Drop 3 (Hip circumference-Bust circumference) 36.05A
(46.52)
24.47A
(41.21)
1.29B
(47.70)
-13.02B
(41.90)
13.51
(48.08)
17.595***
Drop 4 (Bust circumference-Underbust circumference) 113.77
(27.54)
119.81
(25.82)
121.98
(29.42)
118.99
(20.70)
118.68
(26.40)
1.368
Flatness ratio. Bust flatness ratio (Bust depth/Bust breadth) 0.79C
(0.05)
0.79BC
(0.05)
0.81B
(0.05)
0.83A
(0.05)
0.80
(0.05)
9.088***
Waist flatness ratio (Waist depth/Waist breadth) 0.73C
(0.05)
0.74C
(0.04)
0.76B
(0.04)
0.77A
(0.04)
0.75
(0.05)
11.158***
Hip flatness ratio (Hip depth/Hip width) 0.68B
(0.04)
0.68B
(0.04)
0.70AB
(0.05)
0.70A
(0.05)
0.69
(0.04)
3.708*
  1. Alphabet is the result of post hoc tests (Duncan’s test, 1 Games-Howell test) (A > B > C)
  2. *p < .05,  **p < .01,  ***p < .001