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International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research

Table 2 Common thermoplastics used in ME and their properties

From: Development and testing of material extrusion additive manufactured polymer–textile composites

Material type Filament material Material characteristics Cost (£/kg) Nozzle temperature (°C) Build platform temperature (°C) Refs.
Commodity PLA Biopolymer, lower impact strength and temperature resistance 32 180–210 20–45 Rigid.Ink (2019), Tyson (2020c)
PLA Plus+ Very durable biopolymer, vibration absorbing and less brittle version of PLA 37 220–230 50–60 Gregurić (2020), Rigid.Ink (2019)
Flexible PLA Flexible and durable biopolymer, good vibration dampening 37 240–250 30–60 Griffin (2019), Rigid.Ink (2019)
ABS Strong and durable, good temperature resistance but susceptible to warping 32 230–250 90–95 Rigid.Ink (2019), Tyson (2020e)
Engineering PETG Extremely durable, high impact and chemical resistance, low shrinkage 40 220–245 70–80 Rigid.Ink (2019), Tyson (2020b)
TPU Flexible and rubber-like, stretchy properties with good elongation but difficult to print accurately 49 210–240 20–70 Rigid.Ink (2019), Tyson (2020d)
Nylon (PA 12) Extremely durable, flexible, low friction for high impact and high stress prints 38 255–275 100–110 Rigid.Ink (2019), Tyson (2020a)
High performance PEI Excellent strength to weight, fire, and chemical resistance 250 355–390 120–160 3D4Makers (2020)