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International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research

Table 2 Common hand injuries and causes

From: The development of a performance hand wear and tools product innovation framework

Injury Description and cause
Amputation of finger(s)/hand(s) Complete removal of the finger(s) or hand(s) due to traumatic injury, frostbite, infection or surgery
Broken bone or fracture Break or crack of a bone(s) caused by a direct blow or crushing injury
Carpal/cubital/radial tunnel syndrome Numbness or tingling sensation in the hands and fingers, caused by compressed nerves
Chaffing/blistering/calluses Damage and/or hardening of the skin caused by chemicals, freezing, friction or pressure overtime to the hand/fingers
Cuts or lacerations Open wound through the skin caused by cutting or blunt impact
First/second/third degree or chemical/electrical burns Burning of the epidermis and dermis caused by heat, chemicals or electricity
Frostbite or frost nip Damage to the skin surface and in worse cases muscles, nerves and blood vessels due to extreme or prolonged exposure to the cold
Impact injury or bruising Bruising or swelling of the hand due to the collision of the hand with a stationary or moving object
Neuropathy Weakness, numbness and pain to the hands, caused by damage to nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord
Skin infection Invasion and multiplication of viruses, bacteria and parasites that are not normally present in the body. Typically caused by cuts and lacerations, where viruses, bacteria and parasites can enter because the skin is not intact
Strain or sprains Stretching or tearing of muscles/tendons (strains) or ligaments (sprains) caused by high velocity forces
Tendinitis Inflammation, injury or damaged tendons in the hands, fingers or wrist. Caused by repetitive motion or high intensity activities
Trigger finger When fingers get stuck in a bent position. Caused by repetitive gripping actions